Home of Commons
Mr. Garnett Genuis (Sherwood Park—Fort Saskatchewan, CPC):
Mr. Speaker, a yr ago, the Liberals voted in favour of our motion to hold Iran accountable for its domestic and international crimes by immediately listing the IRGC as a terrorist entity. Nevertheless, the Liberals have did not act. The final time I raised this challenge, the public safety minister claimed that a choice can be revealed in due course. That was seven months in the past. Does the federal government still intend to record the IRGC, or has it modified its position on Iran yet again?
Mrs. Karen McCrimmon (Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, Lib.):
Mr. Speaker, the Felony Code listing regime is a vital software for countering terrorism and is part of the government’s commitment to maintain Canadians protected.
The update to the listings is a vital step to struggle terrorism globally and to make sure that Canada remains a protected and peaceable country. The assessments for brand spanking new terrorist entity listings are an ongoing process. New entities are listed once it has been decided that they meet the legal threshold.
We’ll proceed to take applicable motion to counter terrorist threats to Canada, our residents and our pursuits all over the world.
Mr. David Sweet (Flamborough—Glanbrook, CPC):
Mr. Speaker, Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps has an extended report of torturing, jailing and murdering Iran’s own citizens and exporting terror throughout the Center East and the world over. The menace to Canada and our allies is crystal clear.
Final yr, the Liberals voted in favour of our motion to hold the Iranian Khamenei regime accountable and listing the IRGC as a terrorist entity. Is the federal government beginning to cozy as much as Iran again, or is it finally going to listing the IRGC as a terrorist entity?
Hon. Ralph Goodale (Minister of Public Security and Emergency Preparedness, Lib.):
Mr. Speaker, the hon. gentleman, being a long-standing member of the House, knows that there’s a very specific authorized procedure that’s undertaken with respect to listings beneath the Felony Code. The system in Canada is robust and credible because of the integrity of that system. The federal government is pursuing all the steps which might be laid out in regulation to make the appropriate choice. Within the meantime, the member will know that numerous the surrogates of this organization have already been listed.
Iran Accountability Week
Hon. Leo Housakos (Appearing Deputy Chief of the Opposition): Honourable colleagues, Iran Accountability Week is an opportunity to draw consideration to the human rights abuses and lack of spiritual freedom in Iran, as well as its ties with and help of extremist terrorism movements all through the Center East and the world.
Sadly, Canada appears to have regressed relating to truthfully confronting and opposing the Iranian regime.
While a number of weeks in the past, the USA of America took the steps of designating the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, or IRGC, a overseas terrorist organization. Canada has yet to comply with by way of on the similar action regardless of Parliament’s unanimous choice to take action.
Honourable colleagues, it’s time for Canada to comply with via if for no different purpose that, as Senator More durable has beforehand stated, we must not be seen to be out of step with our allies on the subject of Iran.
The IRGC has operated past the bounds of the regulation and the judiciary. As an alternative, it solutions on to Iran’s theocratic Supreme Leader. Iran’s revolutionary Islamist ideology has led it to help international terrorism and terrorist groups, together with al-Qaeda, Hamas and dozens of others. It is this ideology that is the foundation of its worldwide policy.
In accordance with the respected U.S. Council on Overseas Relations, the IRGC’s ties to terrorist teams in the area, comparable to Hezbollah in Lebanon, assist Iran to advertise its international coverage aims. Hezbollah is arguably probably the most powerful terrorist entity in the world. Hezbollah, in reality, is so powerful that it constitutes a state-within-a-state in Lebanon. Hezbollah isn’t only committed to the destruction of the one democracy in the Middle East, the State of Israel, it’s heavily engaged in the civil conflict in Syria and intently allied with the regime of Bashar al-Assad.
A wide range of open-source literature tells us that Iran has bankrolled Hezbollah, offered it with arms, including long-range missiles that at the moment are able to putting at most elements of Israel, and offered that terrorist group with advice and leadership. It has finished this in full violation of United Nations Security Council resolutions.
Actions like these are why Canada beneath the previous government decided to utterly sever relations with Iran. That extraordinary step is an indication of the menace this regime poses to international safety and to the international group.
And what of the menace this regime poses towards its personal individuals? Tens of hundreds of Iranians have been imprisoned, abused, tortured and murdered by the regime over almost 4 many years. In accordance with NGO Iran Human Rights, Iran is estimated to have executed 273 individuals in 2018. Iran has the very best price of juvenile executions in the world, with six confirmed executions of minors in 2018, together with the executions of two baby brides charged with the murders of their husbands.
This violence has touched Canadians as properly. We are all saddened, aware of the suspicious demise of Kavous Seyed-Emami while in Iranian custody. The IRGC is among the entities implicated in this man’s detention and custody. We can’t look away from that. We can’t flip our backs on these individuals and their family members.
Iran Accountability Week isn’t only about holding Iran accountable. It is about our personal accountability. It isn’t sufficient to espouse platitudes about respecting human rights and defending spiritual freedoms if we aren’t prepared to stroll the speak.
It is time to designate the IRGC a terrorist organization underneath the Felony Code of Canada. Not to take action is to lose all credibility at residence and abroad.
Invoice C-59—Progress of Laws
Hon. Marc Gold: Welcome, minister. As you recognize, the Standing Senate Committee on Nationwide Safety and Defence is in the process of its research of Invoice C-59, An Act respecting national safety matters.
Because the minister liable for this invoice, what are your considerations if the bill doesn’t move in a timely manner?
Hon. Ralph Goodale, P.C., M.P., Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness: There are various, Senator Gold, and thank you very much in your enthusiastic sponsorship of the legislation here in the Senate.
The invoice, as you already know, does many things. It’s an enormous bill. I gained’t run by means of all 11 elements of the legislation, however it creates, for the primary time, complete oversight. It creates the brand new office of the intelligence commissioner. It has robust prohibitions towards behaviour that may contribute to torture. It offers modernization for both CSIS and the CSE and it improves the Felony Code in quite a lot of ways.
All of these parts are necessary, and brought collectively as a package deal, a number of the leading unbiased specialists have stated that this laws constitutes probably the most vital renovation of our nationwide safety structure because the CSIS Act was introduced in 1984.
For those who keep in mind, in 1984 a cell phone was as massive as a bread box. The fax machine was breaking new know-how. Lots has modified since 1984. One of the essential the reason why this legislation is so pressing is to create a authorized and constitutional framework that’s updated with know-how, up to date with world safety issues which might be outstanding all over the world as we speak and provides our safety and intelligence businesses the tools they need to deal successfully with these circumstances.
It’s all essential. The one space that I would really spotlight, although, are the modifications in numerous sections and elements of the laws that create a modern, authorized and constitutional framework and applicable trendy authorized authorities for an company like CSIS or the CSE to have the ability to perform in the world as it’s at present.
It is not 1984. We’re gone that and we’d like a security framework that displays the realities of the 21st century, and that’s why it’s urgent.
Orders of the Day
Canada-Israel Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act
Bill to Amend—Third Studying—Debate Adjourned
Hon. Howard Wetston moved third studying of Bill C-85, An Act to amend the Canada-Israel Free Trade Settlement Implementation Act and to make associated amendments to different Acts.
He stated: Honourable senators, it is with great pleasure that I rise to speak in help of Invoice C-85 at third studying debate.
The Canada-Israel Free Trade Agreement, or CIFTA, is a forward-looking commerce settlement that may help the efforts of each nations to increase commerce and deepen financial cooperation.
The unique CIFTA was Canada’s first free commerce settlement outdoors of the western hemisphere. Until now, CIFTA has been a goods-only trade settlement.
The modernized CIFTA updates 4 of the original chapters, together with dispute settlement, to convey CIFTA up to the standard of our newer free commerce agreements. It also adds nine new chapters, together with intellectual property and e-commerce. These measures further strengthen the Canada-Israel bilateral business relationship and improve entry to the Israeli market for Canadian exporters by eliminating and decreasing tariffs and advancing quite a lot of non-tariff limitations.
Honourable senators, let me elaborate on this level by turning to how this translates into actual advantages for Canadian companies.
Canadian exports of commercial products, fish, seafood and a few agricultural merchandise already profit from duty-free entry because of the unique CIFTA, which got here into pressure over 20 years in the past. Since then, two-way merchandise commerce between Canada and Israel has more than tripled, totalling $1.9 billion in 2018. There’s room to grow and deepen the business relationship. The modernized agreement will further broaden this entry and create new alternatives for Canadian corporations.
Once in pressure, near 100 per cent of all present Canadian agriculture, agri-food and seafood exports to Israel will benefit from some type of preferential tariff remedy, up from the present degree of 90 per cent. It will clearly generate benefits for Canadian corporations.
As soon as absolutely carried out, the modernized CIFTA will even create more beneficial circumstances for exporters by way of essential commitments to deal with non-tariff limitations and set up mechanisms underneath which Canada and Israel can cooperate to deal with and search to resolve unjustified non-tariff limitations which will come up.
The modernized CIFTA additionally consists of trade facilitation measures designed to scale back pink tape on the border. This consists of using automation to expedite the release of products, and an impartial and transparent system to deal with any complaints about customs determinations.
Moreover, the modernized CIFTA incorporates provisions to facilitate cooperation between each parties to fight mental property — or IP — rights infringement and to cooperate on the enforcement of IP rights. It also consists of commitments by Canada and Israel to not levy customs duties or other fees on digital products which are transmitted electronically.
Lastly, let me highlight once again that this forward-looking framework consists of new chapters on trade and gender, small and medium enterprises, labour and surroundings, in addition to a brand new provision on corporate social duty. These are firsts for Israel in a free trade settlement. These inclusive provisions are designed to permit extra businesses to benefit from CIFTA’s alternatives.
Honourable senators, this modernized settlement puts Canada and Israel on a constructive and progressive monitor in the direction of generating more enterprise for each nations. For this reason I urge all senators to help the modernized Canada-Israel Free Commerce Agreement and passage of Bill C-85 as shortly as potential. Thank you.
The Hon. the Speaker: Senator McPhedran, did you want to ask a question?
Senator McPhedran: Sure. Would Senator Wetston take a question?
Senator Wetston: Yes.
Senator McPhedran: Senator Wetston, in the free trade agreement with Mexico and america, there’s appreciable reference to human rights and gender equality. There’s nothing just like that in this commerce settlement. I’m wondering should you might assist us understand why that’s missing.
Senator Wetston: That’s an excellent query. I’m unsure whether or not I can reply it. The one thing I will inform you is that Canada has taken in depth positions on numerous points in the Center East and has decided to undertake a trade settlement that is just like different trade agreements, reflecting the character of the relationship in this specific area.
What I imply by that’s that, understandably, Canada’s positions are well-known in terms of Israel, and Canada’s position is lately well-known in terms of the territories. I acknowledge that the difficulty of human rights you’re referring to would in all probability mirror more with respect to the territories than with respect to Israel.
The perfect I can say about this — an excellent query, clearly — is that I consider the rationale for not together with human rights and gender equality was primarily, I anticipate, as a result of this commerce agreement wouldn’t simply facilitate the type of settlement that was anticipated beneath these circumstances — recognizing that it has been updated extensively, however this specific space of human rights was not discussed or agreed to. I’m sorry I can’t enable you to more with that.
Hon. Raymonde Saint-Germain: Honourable senators, I rise at present to talk about Invoice C-85, a bill to modernize the Canada-Israel free trade agreement. I’d wish to share an statement with you. Let me start by saying that I help this invoice.
I help Bill C-85.
Since CIFTA got here into effect in 1997 — CIFTA, as you already know, is the Canada-Israel Free Commerce Settlement — trade between Canada and Israel has more than tripled, totalling $1.9 billion in 2018. With the modernization of this settlement, it’s expected to develop additional.
The modernized agreement will embrace new, progressive, modern requirements in such areas as dispute settlement, commerce and gender, the setting, mental property and corporate duty.
Beyond strictly economic issues, this invoice enhances the strong relationship that Canada has with the Israeli state — a deep, lasting relationship that’s reflected in robust financial, social, cultural and political ties.
That being stated, I need to share with you at the moment an remark concerning the situation of the territories occupied since 1967 — that’s, the West Financial institution, the Golan Heights, Gaza and East Jerusalem — and the identification of goods coming from these areas.
My aim is to not contain myself in a highly complicated battle. I merely need to level out an inconsistency. I need to say, in answer to Senator McPhedran’s question, that Canada is not any stranger to negotiating human rights provisions in its free commerce agreements.
The settlement applies to the territory where Israel’s customs laws are utilized. Because of this the Israeli territory, as outlined in the agreement, consists of the territories occupied since 1967, since Israeli customized laws presently apply there, which is paradoxical.
Indeed, in line with International Affairs Canada, Canada doesn’t acknowledge Israel’s everlasting control over those territories.
In its testimony to the committee, the previous United Nations Special Rapporteur on the state of affairs of human rights in the Palestinian Territory occupied since 1967 indicated that International Affairs Canada’s place was based mostly on an faulty interpretation of the customs union entered into in 1994 by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization, as set out in the Paris Protocol.
In view of this, I consider it will have been considered to make a clear distinction between goods from Israeli territory and goods from the territories occupied since 1967. This may have honoured the requests made to all states by the UN Safety Council in its decision 2234 of December 2016. The European Union decided to require that each one items from the Israeli settlements and territories occupied since 1967 be recognized as such for the purposes of commerce between the EU and Israel.
The similar measure would have enabled Canada to right that inconsistency. Buying and selling with the Israeli settlements in the territories occupied by Israel supports the event and unlawful enlargement of those territories to the detriment of the Palestinian financial system. With the ability to determine goods from those territories is essential, as a result of the knowledge can then be handed on to shoppers so they can make knowledgeable selections.
I needed to make this statement as we speak to ensure that it is formally recorded in Hansard and to precise my remorse that the settlement does not mirror Canada’s place relating to the occupied territories.
That being stated, because the negotiations are over and the agreement will produce advantages for the citizens of each Canada and Israel, I’ll vote for the bill. Nevertheless, I urge the federal government to ensure, in all current and future negotiations of worldwide agreements, that commerce policy is carried out in preserving with its rules and duties with respect to elementary rights.
Some Hon. Senators: Hear, hear.
(On motion of Senator Housakos, for Senator Frum, debate adjourned.)
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