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Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

In america, Flag Day is noticed on June 14, which commemorates the adoption of the flag of america by a resolution of the Second Continental Congress on Saturday, June 14, 1777. Observance of this annual event, nevertheless, didn’t obtain prominence for a few years after the approval of the decision of the Continental Congress. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation that established June 14 as America’s official Flag Day. Not till August 1949, nevertheless, did Congress move to set up a National Flag Day via official act.Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

In modern America, Christians must look past superficial fashionable shows recounting nationwide holidays and historical past to discern the affect Christianity has had upon the conception and development of America. By considering a collection of developments associated to using the American flag, Christians will arrive at a deeper appreciation for the overwhelming influence that their religion has wielded in the improvement of America.Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Article Contents

Origin of American Flag

The primary and most essential improvement in regards to the American flag is the origin of the flag itself. Like so many other subjects regarding American historical past, the 20 th and early twenty-first centuries have dealt harshly with particulars of nationwide origin that when have been very settled and unquestioned. Following an strategy to the research of American history that started as early as the 1920s, many American “historians” have attacked probably the most outstanding figures and options in American historical past and forged doubt and denial upon the historical data concerning them. Typically, the motivating pressure has been a secular or irreligious worldview that refuses to acknowledge the constructive influences of Christianity. This irreligious worldview has not restricted itself to the consideration of American studies alone, but has additionally forged its contrived version of the world upon biblical and theological studies and almost every different topic or discipline. It’s comparable to the historic efforts of conquering armies to rewrite the histories of the nations they conquered, trying to remove necessary occasions and nationwide heroes and heroines from the reminiscence of these they conquered. Though America and the Christian Church have not been conquered militarily, they’ve seen their histories and accounts of their heroes rewritten by their enemies!

Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Betsy Ross

With this reality in thoughts, it shouldn’t come as a shock to understand that the position of Betsy Ross, the one most credited with the event of the American flag, can also be held up to doubt and ridicule. Betsy Ross, whose given identify was Elizabeth Phoebe Griscom, was born January 1, 1752 and died January 30, 1836 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Married to John Ross on the age of twenty-one, she was widowed three years later, early in 1776—the same yr that a small delegation from the American Continental Congress referred to as upon her at her shop. She was subsequently married to two sea captains, each of whom have been misplaced at sea; because of this she can also be referred to as Elizabeth Ashburn and Elizabeth Claypoole. Although her Quaker Christian heritage is usually related together with her, Betsy Ross and her household came to attend probably the most influential churches in America through the period of the Struggle of Independence—Christ Church of Philadelphia.

Christ Church was an Anglican church and the church attended by different outstanding leaders of the Revolution. The ministers of Christ Church, Rev. Jacob Duche and Dr. William White, have been the first two chaplains of the Continental Congress. Following the Revolution, Dr. White turned one of many founding fathers of the American Sunday Faculty Union (please see discussion under). Dr. White was additionally instrumental in transitioning Anglicanism in America to the Episcopal Church. For its essential position in the life of the nation throughout this important period of American history, Christ Church is remembered as “the Nation’s Church.” Where Betsy Ross and her household sat in Christ Church is now remembered with a plaque—a pew not far from where George and Martha Washington sat in worship. Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Betsy’s first husband, John Ross, worked as an upholsterer, and was the nephew of George Ross, Signer of the Declaration of Independence and one in every of three men appointed to design a flag for the brand new nation. Having been appointed by the Continental Congress assembly in Philadelphia, this committee of three appeared within the Ross household store to request assistance with their task. The small print of this assembly have been a matter rehearsed by Betsy Ross for a few years to come, and which her household described in detail after her demise. In 1871, Betsy’s daughter, Rachel Fletcher, formally composed and signed an affidavit detailing the events surrounding the making of America’s first flag. In that account, Rachel wrote,

Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Betsy Ross House

I keep in mind having heard my mother Elizabeth Claypoole [or Betsy Ross]say ceaselessly that she, together with her own arms, (while she was the widow of John Ross,) made the primary Star-spangled Banner that ever was made. I keep in mind to have heard her additionally say that it was made on the order of a Committee, of whom Col. Ross was one, and that Robert Morris was also one of many Committee. That Basic Washington, appearing in conference with the committee, referred to as with them at her home. This house was on the North aspect of Arch Road a couple of doorways under Third Road, above Bread Road, a two story home, with attic and a dormer window, now standing, the one one of many row left, the previous quantity being 89; it was previously occupied by Daniel Niles, Shoemaker. Mother at first lived in the house subsequent East, and when the conflict came, she moved into the home of Daniel Niles. That it was within the month of June 1776, or shortly before the Declaration of Independence that the committee referred to as on her. That the member of the committee named Ross was an uncle of her deceased husband. That she was beforehand nicely acquainted with Washington, and that he had typically been in her home in pleasant visits, as well as on business. That she had embroidered ruffles for his shirt bosoms and cuffs, and that it was partly owing to his friendship for her that she was chosen to make the flag. That when the committee (with Basic Washington) got here into her retailer she confirmed them into her parlor, again of her retailer; and considered one of them asked her if she might make a flag and that she replied that she did not know but she might attempt. That they then confirmed her a drawing roughly executed, of the flag because it was proposed to be made by the committee, and that she noticed in it some defects in its proportions and the arrangement and form of the celebs. That she stated it was sq. and a flag must be one third longer than its width, that the celebs have been scattered promiscuously over the sector, and she or he stated they need to be both in strains or in some adopted type as a circle, or a star, and that the celebs have been six-pointed in the drawing, and she or he stated they should be 5 pointed. That the gents of the committee and Basic Washington very respectfully thought-about the strategies and acted upon them, Common Washington seating himself at a desk with a pencil and paper, altered the drawing after which made a brand new one according to the ideas of my mom. That Basic Washington appeared to her to be the lively one in making the design, the others having little or nothing to do with it. That the committee then requested her to name on considered one of their number, a delivery merchant on the wharf, and then adjourned. That she was punctual to her appointment, and then the gentleman drew out of a chest an previous ship’s shade which he loaned her to present her how the stitching was accomplished; and in addition gave her the drawing completed in accordance to her options. That this drawing was achieved in water colours by William Barrett, an artist, who lived on the North aspect of Cherry Road above Third Road, a big three story brick home on the West aspect of an alley which ran back to the Pennsylvania Academy for Younger Women, stored by James A. Neal, the most effective faculty of the type in the city at the moment. That Barrett solely did the portray, and had nothing to do with the design. He was typically employed by mother afterwards to paint the coats of arms of america and of the States on silk flags. That different designs had additionally been made by the committee and given to different seamstresses to make, but that they were not accepted. That mom went diligently to work upon her flag and soon finished it, and returned it, the primary star-spangled banner that ever was made, to her employers, that it was run up to the height of one of many vessels belonging to one of many committee then mendacity at the wharf, and was acquired with shouts of applause by the few bystanders who happened to be wanting on. That the committee on the identical day carried the flag into the Congress sitting within the State House, and made a report presenting the flag and the drawing and that Congress unanimously permitted and accepted the report. That the subsequent day Col. Ross referred to as upon my mother and knowledgeable her that her work had been authorised and her flag adopted, and he gave orders for the acquisition of all of the materials and the manufacture of as many flags as she might make. And that from that point ahead, for over fifty years she continued to make flags for the USA Authorities. Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Rachel Fletcher’s description of the small print associated to her mother’s work in the development of America’s first flag is considered one of most genuine descriptions of how this necessary symbol came into existence. That those that deny this account base much of their arguments upon a scarcity of particular details within the Journals of the Continental Congress could be attributed to two essential details. First, that Basic Washington’s invitation to Philadelphia in Might of 1776 was secret, and second, the financing of the flag’s manufacturing was personal, requiring no cost from Congress. A citation from a less-skeptical nineteenth-century history data these essential information:

On Might 20, 1776, Washington was requested to seem before Congress on necessary secret army enterprise. Major-Common Putnam, in accordance to Washington’s letters, was left in command at New York throughout his absence. It was in the latter a part of Might 1776, that Washington, accompanied by Colonel George Ross, a member of Congress and by the Honorable Robert Morris, the good financier of the revolution, referred to as upon Mrs. Betsy Ross, a niece of Colonel Ross.

. . .

The assets of Congress have been meager and at greatest legislative action was then, as now, sluggish and tedious. The flag as indicated was needed, and so Colonel Ross expedited its appearance by paying for the primary order himself.

Almost a yr after the three-man committee entered the shop of Betsy Ross, the Continental Congress took official action to ratify the choices that had been made in regards to the new flag. Nevertheless, little is recorded within the Journal of the Continental Congress for Saturday, June 14, 1777 regarding this determination. The decision simply reads,

Resolved, That the flag of the (thirteen) United States be thirteen stripes, alternate purple and white: that the union be 13 stars, white in a blue area, representing a brand new constellation.

Lay Minister Supplies National Anthem

Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Francis Scott Key

When observing patriotic events, American Christians will have fun these events with higher appreciation once they understand yet one more improvement associated to the flag. Many People know that it was Francis Scott Key who conceived America’s national anthem, however few understand or respect the Christian heritage that he additionally bequeathed to his fellow patriots. The night time of September 13, 1814 passed slowly for Francis Scott Key and his companions as they watched a fierce British bombardment of Fort McHenry from the deck of one of the British ships that numbered among the British fleet near the mouth of the Potomac River at Baltimore harbor. All through the night time, American shore fortifications returned hearth, but towards morning, American cannonading fell silent. Whereas his companions went under to get some sleep, Key continued to pace the deck until the first rays of sunshine disclosed that certainly the “flag was still there.” This victorious sight was the origin for his poem, The Star-Spangled Banner, which was first scribbled on the back of an envelope, the primary verse of which has turn into our nationwide anthem. Of the four verses he wrote, it is the second that the majority displays his Christian convictions:

Oh thus be it ever, When freemen shall stand, Between their liked houses, And the warfare’s desolation, Blest with vict’ry and peace, Might the heav’n rescued land, Praise the Pow’r that hath made, And preserved us a nation, Then conquer we should, When our cause it is simply, And this be our motto, “In God is our trust,” And the star-spangled banner, In triumph shall wave, O’er the land of the free, And the house of the courageous.

Just like the overwhelming majority of America’s Founding Fathers, Francis Scott Key was a deeply dedicated Christian. As a layman in the identical denomination as Betsy Ross, the Protestant Episcopal Church, Key held lay reader’s license, and for a few years learn the service and visited the sick inside his church. One of the biggest contributions he made to America was the advancement of the Sunday faculty. Not solely did he train a Sunday faculty class at his church, he also served as a supervisor and vice chairman of the American Sunday Faculty Union from its inception in 1824 till his dying in 1843. The American Sunday Faculty Union was liable for establishing hundreds of churches throughout America. Different outstanding People also superior the reason for Christ by way of the American Sunday-Faculty Union, including signer of the Declaration of Independence and Surgeon Basic of the American Continental Army, Dr. Benjamin Rush; previously mentioned, congressional chaplain, Rev. Dr. William White; long-time vice chairman, Pennsylvania Governor John Pollock who, as director of america Mint in Philadelphia, first inscribed our foreign money with “In God We Trust”; Supreme Courtroom Justice, Bushrod Washington, nephew of George Washington; Supreme Courtroom Chief Justice, John Marshall; American statesman, Daniel Webster; and later within the nineteenth century, the well-known evangelist, D. L. Moody; a relative of both early American presidents and organizer of greater than 320 Sunday faculties—whose identify was also, John Adams; writer of the Little Home on the Prairie novel collection, Laura Ingalls Wilder; and others concerned about Christianizing the youth of America and perpetuating the American Republic. Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Interested by church hymnody, Francis Scott Key wrote the hymn, “Before the Lord We Bow” for a Fourth of July celebration in 1832. But the hymn for which he’s most generally recognized first appeared almost a decade earlier in 1823, being printed in somewhat hymnal revealed by Dr. William Muhlenberg, additionally of the Protestant Episcopal Church. That very same yr Key and Muhlenberg had both been appointed to a committee to put together a brand new hymn-book for his or her denomination. Though not well-known, Key’s hymn, “Lord, With Glowing Heart I’d Praise Thee” is a religious biography of 1 among many founding Fathers of America who took significantly their duty to Jesus Christ. Who again can sing the Star Spangled Banner in the identical method with out reflecting upon Francis Scott Key’s Christian commitment on this hymn—which may be sung to the tune of, “Love Divine, All Loves Excelling”:

Lord, With Glowing Heart I’d Praise Thee

Lord, with glowing coronary heart I’d praise thee

For the bliss Thy love bestows,

For the pardoning grace that saves me,

And the peace that from it flows.

Help, O God, my weak endeavor;

This uninteresting soul to rapture increase;

Thou must mild the flame, or by no means

Can my love be warmed to praise.

Reward, my soul, the God that sought thee,

Wretched wanderer, far astray;

Found thee lost, and kindly brought thee

From the paths of demise away;

Reward, with love’s devoutest feeling,

Him who noticed they guilt-born worry,

And, the light of hope revealing,

Bade the blood-stained cross appear.

Lord, this bosom’s ardent feeling

Vainly would my lips categorical;

Low earlier than Thy footstool kneeling,

Deign Thy supplicant’s prayer to bless;

Let Thy grace, my soul’s chief treasure,

Love’s pure flame inside me increase;

And, since words can never measure,

Let my life present forth Thy reward.

Minister Writes Pledge of Allegiance

Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Francis Bellamy

It was a Baptist minister, Francis Bellamy, who composed the first pledge of allegiance to the American flag, in August 1892. Originally meant for use within the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the Americas, James B. Upham—the occasion promoter—hoped to instill nationwide satisfaction within the lecture rooms of America where the pledge of allegiance was supposed to be used. Pastor Bellamy’s unique version was composed as follows:

I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Dwight Eisenhower

Reverend Bellamy’s unique wording was modified barely by the First and Second Flag Conferences of 1923 and 1924, and on December 28, 1945, the 79th Congress designated the pledge with its modifications because the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag by Public Regulation 287. But yet one more Christian affect was to exercise itself upon the pledge before it assumed its ultimate type which is used as we speak. Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

It was the custom of some presidents to attend the church President Lincoln attended on the Sunday nearest February 12—Lincoln’s birthday. On Sunday, February 7, 1954, President Dwight D. Eisenhower and his spouse noticed that customized by attending the Lincoln Day Observance Service on the New York Avenue Presbyterian Church and sitting in Lincoln’s pew. The church’s pastor, Rev. Dr. George MacPherson Docherty delivered a sermon based mostly on the Gettysburg Tackle titled, “A New Birth of Freedom.” During his sermon, he argued that the sentiment of the pledge of allegiance might be that of any nation. Utilizing Lincoln’s phrases, “Under God,” Rev. Docherty argued that it was this expression that distinguished America from other nations, and it was this phrase that was lacking from the pledge. Following the service, President Eisenhower enthusiastically engaged the pastor in dialog concerning this problem, and the next day, February eight, 1954, secured the assistance of Rep. Charles Oakman (R-Michigan) to introduce a invoice to secure that function. On June 14, 1954, President Eisenhower signed the bill into regulation, saying,

From this present day forward, the hundreds of thousands of our college youngsters will every day proclaim in every metropolis and city, each village and rural faculty home, the dedication of our nation and our individuals to the Almighty…. On this approach we’re reaffirming the transcendence of spiritual religion in America’s heritage and future; in this means we shall always strengthen those religious weapons which ceaselessly might be our country’s strongest resource, in peace or in warfare.

Conclusion

The more People understand how the irreligious and secularists have denied all People a right to the appreciation of their Christian heritage, the extra deeply they should be resolved not to permit succeeding generations to be robbed of this necessary treasure. Lamentably, most church leaders aren’t ready to supply these historical answers to the irreligious who ask a cause for the hope that is in them. People generally and Christians particularly have to be prepared to not solely come to an appreciation of those essential historical details regarding our nationwide heritage, but they have to be prepared to assume duty to advocate this heritage to succeeding generations. As President Eisenhower stated,

. . . in this approach we will continuously strengthen those religious weapons which perpetually will probably be our country’s most powerful resource, in peace or in conflict.

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Betsy Rose

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Betsy Rose

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Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

Flag Day—A Christian Contribution to America

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Stephen Flick heads Christian Heritage Fellowship, a national organization devoted to reclaiming America’s Christian Heritage and celebrating the life-changing influence of the Gospel all over the world.
Concerned with the cultural decay of America, Dr. Flick has sought to provide solutions to fellow Christians (and unbelievers) in regards to the questions and objections to Christianity typically posed by secularists and the irreligious.
Dr. Flick is a writer and speaker and has authored numerous articles and books on America’s Christian heritage. He earned his Ph.D. from Drew University in historical past and Christian theology and has taught on the graduate degree as full professor. He has been a licensed minster for almost forty years and resides in East Tennessee together with his spouse, Beth. They have two grown, married youngsters and five grandchildren.